Sam Solomon

Lab head

I am interested in the work done by the eye and the brain to analyse the visual world and support visual perception. I'm particularly interested in the way that basic properties of networks of nerve cells at each level of the visual pathway determine visual sensitivity. In physiological experiments the functional properties of individual neurons and groups of neurons are studied. In perceptual experiments the sensitivity of human observers is studied. I use computational models to link these two sets of observations.

Amalia Papanikolaou

DfG Postdoc

My research focuses on understanding how the brain adjusts to sensory experience. The nervous system adapts to the environment over a wide range of timescales. This plasticity has been parcelled into distinct categories of study (i.e. adaptation, perceptual learning) each emphasising distinct timescales and phenomenology. My principle aim is to investigate how the visual system adapts to changes in the visual environment at multiple timescales and to understand whether distinct forms of plasticity are mediated by the same or different neuronal mechanisms.

Ankur Perry

BBSRC LiDO PhD student (collaboration with Robert Hindges, Kings College, London)

Using anatomical and physiological approaches to understand the central visual pathway in a mouse model of retinal disorganisation. 

Tom Wheatcroft

UCL-Birkbeck MRC DTP PhD student  (collaboration with Aman Saleem and Andrew Macaskill)

I’m interested in why we do the things that we do, and plan to study this by engaging with the question of why mice do the things that they do. Certain visual stimuli induce certain behaviours in mice. How the mice decide which of the behaviours to engage in on the basis of the pattern of light hitting their retina is unclear. I want to develop our knowledge of the neural pathways underlying these decisions through tracing them, recording and manipulating their activity.

Stefano Zucca

BBSRC Postdoc (collaboration with Kate Jeffery and Aman Saleem)

In the presence of threats, our instinctive response is to run away from danger and to reach a safe shelter. Our brain can quickly determine the best trajectory towards safety by considering our internal representation of the surrounded environment. My research focuses on understanding the brain mechanisms that control escape responses, including how information from the external environment (such as visual landmarks) are processed in the brain to help determine the selection of escape route. I combine behavioural assays for innate defensive responses, neurophysiological measurements and optogenetics.




  • Kate Jeffery, UCL
  • Aman Saleem, UCL
  • Keith Phillips, Lilly
  • Rachael Pearson, UCL
  • Jack Wells and Mark Lythgoe, CABI, UCL
  • Adam Kohn and Amir Aschner, Albert Einstein College of Medicine
  • Paul Martin and Sander Pietersen, University of Sydney
  • Rory Townsend and Pulin Gong, University of Sydney